Parley Australia: Investigating Plastic Pollution on the Great Barrier Reef


Parley finds high levels of marine debris and microplastics in protected park where corals spawn and turtles nest

 

Parley Australia recently returned to the far northern Islands of the Great Barrier Reef to further investigate the severity of plastic pollution reaching waters and shorelines of the highly remote Cape York Peninsula. This was the crew’s second expedition in recent weeks, and first by boat as part of efforts to gather data on the volume, types and sources of pollution reaching even protected park areas. We are working with local groups and authorities to implement the Parley AIR Strategy (Avoid, Intercept, Redesign) and plan large-scale cleanups to tackle immediate threats to the region’s marine wildlife.


The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park was formed to help safeguard a vast area of the reef ecosystem against the rising pressures of human-driven climate change, illegal fishing and related threats. Classified as “Green” (no-take) Marine Park Zones, the northern islands are of extremely high conservation value. They provide critical habitat for populations of marine species, including sea birds and endangered sea turtles which seek refuge on these islands every year to nest. Six of the world’s seven sea turtle species are found within the park.

Parley Australia director Christian Miller captured incredible and rare aerial footage of the annual green turtle migration when exploring the region.

 

Photo and video by Christian Miller

 

Although Cape York is considered primarily “untouched”, we now know that ocean currents carry large quantities of debris from the Pacific Ocean to major catchment zones throughout the marine park. Our exploratory trips have revealed alarming volumes of plastic pollution and debris on even the most remote and hard-to-reach shorelines and riverbeds of the Cape York mainland. In Cape Bedford, Cape Flattery and north of the Lockhart River, Parley has found shocking evidence of the spread of marine debris, and even hazardous, deadly waste. The most recent expedition looked to nearby island groups and surrounding waters, where we found equally disturbing levels of pollution.

In addition to documenting the beauty and fragility of the marine park and its inhabitants, the expedition crew completed spot cleans and data sampling, looking closely at potential challenges (e.g. tides, winds, weather, access, permits, wildlife and transportation of debris) in planning for large-scale cleanups.

The team also conducted a manta trawl to estimate levels of microplastics within the marine park and glean a clearer picture of how specific currents and reef channels affect levels of plastic pollution. Data will be shared with marine authorities to further permits and support for conservation projects.

 
 
 

Expedition RESULTS:

  1. 1,397 lbs (634 kg) of plastic intercepted through spot cleans

  2. High percentages of plastic bottles appear to arrive from South Africa, South America, various Pacific islands and from all over Southeast Asia. It is also thought that bottles may be linked to illegal disposal from cargo ships in the marine park.

  3. Two 30m mantral trawls conducted in two separate locations. Each revealed shocking amounts of microplastics. The crew will next analyze findings for nanoplastics, pieces too small to be detected by the human eye.

 
 

These findings come just before the annual and massive “sex on the reef” coral spawning event, when trillions of eggs and sperm are released into warm waters. The event typically follows a full moon. It is vital to the survival of the Great Barrier Reef, and to the many thousands of species that call it home.

 

 

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